Welcome to the AP Chemistry/Chemistry II wiki page. This site is always under construction, but where available, there are links to class notes, web sites, demos, etc.

An asterisk (*) denotes material not covered in the Chemistry II course.

AP Central's Chemistry site.

Science Geek's AP Chemistry review.

Unit 1: Solutions (after a review of reaction types, mole conversions and stoichiometry)
  1. balancing equations, salt dissociations and the mole ratio
  2. notes on solutions
  3. calculating solution concentrations
  4. performing dilutions
  5. spectrophotometry and Beer's Law
  6. colligiative properties of solutions

Unit 2: Solution Stoichiometry
  1. acid-base titrations
  2. precipitate titrations
  3. Acid rain treatment

Unit 3: Acid-Base Chemistry
  1. Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of acids, bases
  2. identification of strong acids and strong bases
  3. writing acid or base hydrolysis equations for:
    • monoprotic acids
    • diprotic acids
    • triprotic acids
    • amines (bases)
  4. identifying conjugate acids and conjugate bases
  5. the pH scale and the origin of 7 as neutral pH
  6. calculating pH, pOH for acids and bases

Unit 4: Equilibrium
  1. describing the equilibrium state
  2. writing equilibrium constant expressions for:
    • heterogeneous equilibria
    • solubility constant expression
    • weak acids or bases
  3. calculating equilibrium constants or species concentrations at equilibrium conditions
  4. manipulation of the equilibrium constant and the chemical equation
    • reversing reaction equations
    • multiplying by coefficients
  5. LeChatelier's Principle:
    • the blue bottle
    • the color-oscillator

Unit 5: The ICE equation
  1. setting up an ICE (initial, change, equilibrium) equation
  2. determining species concentrations for:
  3. determination of an acid dissociation constant via titration (lab)

Unit 6: Electrochemistry
  1. Determining the oxidation number of elements in compounds
  2. Identifying oxidation and reduction half-reactions
  3. Construction of galvanic cells
  4. Calculating cell potentials
  5. Using the Nernst equation

Unit 7: Kinetics
  1. defining terms: rate constant, reaction order, half-life
  2. rate laws; reactant orders; rate constants
  3. the iodine clock reaction

Unit 8: Thermochemistry
  1. calorimetry and heat exchange processes
  2. thermochemistry- determining changes in enthalpy for chemical equations using:
    • enthalpy of formation data
    • bond energy data using Lewis diagrams

Unit 9: Thermodynamics
  1. three laws of thermodynamics:
  2. Hess's Law
  3. using the thermodynamic equation: dG = dH - TdS

Unit 10: Molecular Modeling
  1. electron configurations and PES diagrams
  2. Lewis diagrams
  3. Formal charges
  4. Resonance vs. Isomerism
  5. VSEPR and 3D models
  6. Polarity and Intermolecular forces - relation to physical properties

Unit 11: Solid State Chemistry
  1. Classification of solids
  2. Ionic Solids: lattice strength
  3. Unit cells: 3 types of cubic unit cells
  4. Density calculations
  5. WebMinerals - crystal structures web site
  6. American Mineralogist structure search>
  7. Crystallography Open Database
    1. Water:
    2. Carbon dioxide:
    3. methane hydrate:
    4. Galena:
    5. Celestine:


Unit 12: Organic Chemistry*
  1. Carbon-based molecules: structure
  2. Basic nomenclature
  3. Organic chemistry reactions

*time permitting