Welcome to the Applied Chemistry wiki page.

Unit 1: Laboratory Safety
  1. Classroom tour of safety devices
  2. Review of Rules, Safety Contract
  3. General Equipment usage and care

Unit 2: History of Chemistry
  1. Ancient developments in chemistry
  2. Discovery of metals and alloys: properties of metals and nonmetals
  3. Greek philosophers to Alchemy: physical versus chemical properties
  4. The end of Alchemy: the scientific method and the metric system

Unit 3: Measurement and Uncertainty
  1. base units and prefixes
  2. accuracy versus precision

Unit 4: Gases
  1. the Kinetic Molecular Theory
  2. pressure and temperature units
  3. Boyle's, Charles' and Avogadro's Laws
  4. ideal versus non-ideal gases
  5. Phlogiston Theory

Unit 5: The Elements
  1. Lavoisier and his introduction to nomenclature
  2. Mendeleev and his organization skills
  3. Periodic Trends:
    • chemical activity
    • electronegativity
    • atomic radius
    • ionization energy
    • electron affinity

Unit 6: Discovery of Atomic Structure
  1. Dalton's Atomic Theory (Democritus was first!)
  2. which postulates were wrong, and why?
  3. J. J. Thomson and his CRT, plum pudding model
  4. Rutherford and his gold foil
  5. Bohr and his planetary model
  6. the electromagnetic spectrum and colorful ions

Unit 7: Radioactivity
  1. Marie Curie, Rontgen, and naturally occuring radioisotopes
  2. three types of radiation
  3. alpha particle decay
  4. half-life
  5. radon detection
  6. nuclear power and its safety: Chernobyl and Three Mile Island

Unit 8: The Electronic Structure of the Elements
  1. quantization
    • energy levels, types of sublevels, orbital shapes, and electron spin
  2. how to write an electron address
  3. how to draw orbital notation
  4. predictions using electronic structure (the Octet Rule):
    • ionic charge
    • chemical activity
    • covalent bonding sites

Unit 9: Bond Types and Nomenclature of Compounds
  1. the ionic bond versus the covalent bond
  2. ionic compound nomenclature
  3. covalent compound nomenclature

Unit 10: Chemical Reactions
  1. how to write and balance a chemical equation
  2. types of chemical reactions:
    • synthesis
    • decomposition
    • single replacement
    • double replacement
  3. specific classes of reactions:
    • acid-base reactions
    • precipitate reactions
    • combustion reactions
    • oxidation-reduction reactions
      • a taste of electrochemistry
  4. predicting products of chemical reactions
  5. predicting phases of products: solubility rules

Unit 11: Chemical Formulas and the MOLE
  1. formula weights
  2. percent composition
  3. the mole: Avogadro's Number

Unit 12: Environmental Chemistry
  1. Atmosphere
  2. Soils
  3. Water